BiPAP Non Invasive Ventilator
A BiPAP is a form of non-invasive ventilation (NIV) therapy facilitates breathing. The critical care departments of hospital uses this machine and are also available for those who need them at home.
These machines are compact — about the size of a toaster. The machine features a tube that connects to a mask which is worn over your nose and mouth.
Like other ventilators, BiPAP machines use pressure to push air into your lungs. Depending on the settings, this opens the lungs, improving the level of oxygen in the blood and decreasing the carbon dioxide.
These machines are known as “bilevel” because they have two air pressure settings:
- When you breathe in, BPAP machines deliver more air pressure. This is inspiratory positive airway pressure (IPAP).
- When you breathe out, the machine reduces the air pressure. This is expiratory positive airway pressure (EPAP).
Some BiPAP machines have a timer & program that maintain a certain number of breaths per minute.
BPAP machine uses at home to treat medical conditions that make it difficult to breathe. Some conditions that it may be helpful for include:
- chronic obstructive pulmonary disorder (COPD)
- obesity hypoventilation syndrome (OHS)
- obstructive sleep apnea
- central sleep apnea
- amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS)
Hospitals use BiPAP to treat breathing emergencies. Because they’re non-invasive, they’re often a preferable treatment to intubation.